1. Accounting Policies

Audited information

1.01 – General information

Clariant Ltd (the »Company«) and its consolidated subsidiaries (together the »Group«) are a global leader in the field of specialty chemicals. The Group develops, manufactures, distributes and sells a broad range of specialty chemicals which play a key role in its customers’ manufacturing and treatment processes or add value to their end products. The Group has manufacturing plants around the world and sells mainly in countries within Europe, the Americas and Asia.

Clariant Ltd is a limited liability company incorporated and domiciled in Switzerland. The address of its registered office is Rothausstrasse 61, CH-4132 Muttenz, Switzerland. The Company is listed on the SIX Swiss Exchange.

The Board of Directors approved the consolidated financial statements for issue on 11 February 2019. They will be subject to approval by the Annual General Meeting of Shareholders scheduled for 1 April 2019.

1.02 – Basis of preparation

The consolidated financial statements of the Clariant Group have been prepared in accordance with the International Financial Reporting Standards () and the IFRIC interpretations applicable to companies reporting under IFRS, and with the significant accounting policies set out below.

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared under the historical cost convention as modified by the revaluation of certain financial assets and liabilities (including derivative instruments) at fair value through profit or loss.

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with the IFRS requires the use of certain critical accounting estimates. It also requires management to exercise its judgment in the process of applying the Group’s accounting policies.

These estimates and judgments affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements as well as the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period.

Although these are based on management’s best knowledge of current events and circumstances, actual outcomes may ultimately differ from those estimates. The areas involving a higher degree of judgment or complexity, or areas where estimates are significant to the consolidated financial statements, are disclosed under .

1.03 – Standards, interpretations and amendments effective in 2018

The Group has applied the following standards and amendments for the first time:

  •  9 Financial Instruments
  • IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers
  • Classification and Measurement of Share-based Payment Transactions – Amendments to IFRS 2
  • Annual improvements 2014 – 2016 Cycle
  • Transfers to Investment Property – Amendments to IAS 40
  • Interpretation 22 Foreign Currency Transactions and Advance Consideration

The Group had to change its accounting policies and made certain adjustments as of 1 January 2018 following the adoption of IFRS 9 and IFRS 15. The other amendments listed above did not have any impact on the amounts recognized in prior periods and are not expected to significantly affect the current or future periods.

IFRS 9, Financial Instruments, addresses the classification, measurement and derecognition of financial assets and financial liabilities and introduces new rules for hedge accounting and a new impairment model. The Group’s financial assets are made up to a large extent of trade receivables measured at amortized costs and other current assets which are measured at fair value. The rules for the determination of any need for impairment of trade receivables are such that they did not result in any material difference under IFRS 9 compared to the accounting rules under IAS 39. The Group only held a small amount of equity investments as of 1 January 2018 and their measurement at fair value had only a moderate impact on the financial statement. Short-term deposits consist of money market funds of a duration between three and twelve months placed with banks of high quality. Fair value fluctuations of these instruments are only minimal. The Group continues to measure all financial liabilities at amortized cost, thus no change in measurement has taken place.

Overview of financial assets and liabilities as of 31 December 2018 (under IFRS 9) and 31 December 2017 (under IAS 39)






Financial assets










Loans at amortized cost





Participations at cost




Participations at fair value through OCI




Total non-current financial assets















Trade receivables at amortized cost


1 017


1 146

Other receivables at amortized cost





Current financial assets at amortized cost





Interest rate swaps at fair value





Forward foreign exchange rate contracts at fair value





Short-term deposits at amortized cost





Cash and cash equivalents





Total current financial assets


2 197


2 227






Total financial assets


2 408


2 277






Financial liabilities










Straight bonds, certificates of indebtedness and others at amortized cost


1 711


1 727

Total non-current financial liabilities


1 711


1 727











Banks and other financial institutions at amortized cost





Current portion of non-current financial debts at amortized costs





Total current financial liabilities










Total financial liabilities


2 240


2 294

The Group has designed its hedging activities in a way that the change in accounting rules from IAS 39 to IFRS 9 did not result in any changes in hedge accounting. Also, the Group does not to engage in additional hedge accounting as a result of the introduction of the new rules regarding hedge accounting. The impact of the new standard amounted to a total of CHF 5 million which resulted from the measurement at fair value of some participations in other companies, which were previously measured at cost and which was recognized in the opening balance of 2018.

IFRS 15, Revenue from contracts with customers, deals with revenue recognition and establishes principles for disclosing useful information about revenue and cash flows arising from these contracts. This standard replaces IAS 18, Revenue, and IAS 11, Construction Contracts, and related interpretations. It is effective for accounting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2018.

Clariant as a manufacturer and seller of industrial goods is engaged to the largest extent in transactions that are accounted for in the same manner under IFRS 15 as under the previous standards. Administrative procedures are such that contracts with customers are readily identifiable once they are agreed upon. Performance obligations for products and services can be identified by individual product numbers, which are also invoiced individually, allowing for the determination and allocation of the transaction price. Revenues from the sale of goods are recognized at a point in time. Services are normally invoiced separately and commensurate with the services rendered and thus recognized over time. As an industrial company with a large number of customers placing relatively small orders at a time, the Company does not incur substantial contract-related costs.

As a consequence the recognition and valuation rules required by IFRS 15 did not have any material impact on the financial statements of the Group.

1.04 – Standards, interpretations and amendments not yet effective

The following standards, interpretations and amendments already issued but not yet effective will be adopted by the Group as they become effective.

In January 2016, the IASB published the new lease standard. IFRS 16, Leases, introduces a new lessee accounting approach by which the lessee will be required to recognize its leases on the balance sheet, by way of the recognition of a »right of use« asset and a lease liability. It also provides new guidance on sale and lease-back accounting and requires new and different disclosures. This new standard will replace the guidance of IAS 17, Leases, and is effective for accounting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2019. It is expected that the application of IFRS 16 will entail a substantial increase of Clariant’s total assets and liabilities as well as an increase of its operating result and a decrease of its financial result, as operating lease obligations (and assets leased under them) will have to be recognized on the balance sheet. Instead of the leasing expenses currently fully recognized as part of the operating result under the new standard the depreciation of the leased assets will be recognized in the operating result, while interest expense arising on the lease contracts will be reported as part of finance costs. It is estimated that if the standard had been introduced in 2018, at the end of the year about CHF 251 million of right of use asset would have been reported. It is also estimated that the operating result would have been CHF 10 million higher and the financial result would have been CHF 10 million lower. Estimated depreciation on right of use asset would have been CHF 55 million.

The Group will apply the standard from its mandatory adoption date of 1 January 2019 and intends to apply the simplified transition approach not restating comparative amounts for the year prior to first adoption.

1.05 – Scope of consolidation

  • Subsidiaries: Subsidiaries are those entities over which the Group has control. This is the case when it is exposed to, or has rights to, variable returns from its involvement with the entity and has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the entity. Subsidiaries are fully consolidated from the date on which control is transferred to the Group and they are deconsolidated from the date the control ceases.
  • Associates: Associates are entities over which the Group has significant influence but not control, generally accompanying a shareholding of between 20% and 50% of the voting rights. Investments in associates are accounted for using the equity method.
  • Joint arrangements: The Group applies IFRS 11, Joint Arrangements, to all joint arrangements. Under IFRS 11, investments in joint arrangements are classified as either joint operations or joint ventures, depending on the contractual rights and obligations of each investor. Clariant has assessed the nature of its joint arrangements and determined them to be joint ventures. Joint ventures are accounted for using the equity method.

All associates and joint ventures apply the same accounting principles as the Group.

1.06 – Principles and methods of consolidation

The annual closing date of the individual financial statements is 31 December. The consolidated financial statements are prepared applying uniform presentation and valuation principles.

The results of non-controlling interests are separately disclosed in the income statement and in the balance sheet.

1.07 – Recognition of revenue from contracts with customers

Sales of goods and services are recognized in line with the requirements of IFRS 15, Revenue from contracts with customers. Revenue is measured based on the consideration the Group expects to receive in exchange for the goods or services. Revenue from sales of goods is recognized in the income statement when control has been transferred to the buyer, which is usually upon delivery, at a fixed or determinable price, and when collectability is reasonably assured. Delivery is defined based on the terms of the sale contract. Revenue from services is recognized when the respective services have been rendered.

Revenue is reported net of sales taxes, returns, discounts and rebates. Rebates to customers are provided for in the same period that the related sales are recorded based on the contract terms.

Where third parties hold Clariant inventories on a consignment basis, revenue is recognized in the period that inventories are withdrawn from consignment and delivered to customers. Clariant periodically enters into prepayment contracts with customers whereby it receives contract liabilities for products to be delivered in a future period.

These contract liabilities are recorded as liabilities and presented as part of Other liabilities. Advance payment liabilities are released and revenues associated with such advance payment transactions are recognized upon delivery of and transfer of title, ownership, and risk of loss of the related products to the customer. Cash rebates and discounts granted to customers are classified as a reduction of revenue.

1.08 – Recognition of revenues from interest and dividends

Interest income is recognized on a time proportion basis, taking into account the principal outstanding and the effective rate over the period to maturity when it is determined that such income will accrue to the Group. Dividends are recognized when the right to receive the payment is established.

1.09 – Exchange rate differences

Exchange rate differences are recognized in line with the requirements of IAS 21, The Effect of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates. The consolidated financial statements are presented in Swiss francs, which is the functional and presentation currency of the parent company.

Transactions and balances: Foreign currency transactions are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rates prevailing at the dates of the transactions.

Foreign exchange gains and losses resulting from the settlement of such transactions and from the translation of monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are recognized in the line »Finance costs« in the income statement, except when deferred in »Other comprehensive income« as qualifying cash flow hedges and net investment hedges.

Translation differences on debt securities and on other monetary financial assets measured at fair value are included in foreign exchange gains and losses in the line »Finance costs« in the income statement.

Group companies: Income statements and cash flow statements of foreign entities are translated into the Group’s presentation currency at sales-weighted average exchange rates for the year and their balance sheets are translated at the exchange rates prevailing on 31 December.

All resulting exchange rate differences are recognized in Other comprehensive income in the line »Currency translation differences«. Exchange rate differences arising on the translation of the net investment in foreign entities and on borrowings and other currency instruments designated as hedges of such investments are recognized in »Other comprehensive income« in the line »Net investment hedge«. Net investments also include loans for which the settlement is neither planned nor likely to occur in the foreseeable future.

When a foreign operation is disposed of and as a consequence control, significant influence or joint control is lost, the cumulative amount in the translation reserve related to that foreign operation is reclassified to profit or loss as a part of the gain or loss on disposal.

When the Group’s interest in a subsidiary that includes a foreign operation changes, while retaining control in the subsidiary, a proportionate part of the cumulative amount of the translation difference that was recognized in other comprehensive income is reclassified to non-controlling interests.

1.10 – Property, plant and equipment

Property, plant and equipment, except for the ones pertaining to mining activities, are valued at historical acquisition or production costs and depreciated on a straight-line basis to the income statement, using the following estimated useful lives in accordance with the Group guidelines:

  • Buildings: 15 to 40 years
  • Machinery and equipment: 10 to 16 years
  • Furniture, vehicles, computer hardware: 3 to 10 years
  • Land is not depreciated

Property, plant and equipment pertaining to mining activities are valued at historical costs and depreciated over their useful lives to the income statement using the units of production method.

When the entity has a present legal or constructive obligation to dismantle an item of property, plant and equipment or restore a site, its initial costs include an estimate of the costs of dismantling and removing the item and restoring the site on which it is located. A corresponding provision is recorded for the amount of the asset component.

Financing costs directly associated with the acquisition, construction or production of qualifying property, plant and equipment are capitalized as a part of the costs of these assets. 
Investment property is valued at cost less depreciation. As all investment property held by Clariant consists of industrial and administrative sites which have been in use for several decades, there is no active market which would give information on possible market prices, if such property were sold to a third party. The fair values of the investment properties are therefore determined by way of external appraisals and value-in-use calculations.

1.11 – Intangible assets

Goodwill is recognized as per the requirements of IFRS 3, Business Combinations, IAS 38, Intangible Assets, and IFRS 11, Joint arrangements. Goodwill is not amortized, but tested annually for impairment as required by IAS 36, Impairment of Assets.

Trademarks and licenses are capitalized at historical costs and amortized on a straight-line basis to the income statement over their estimated useful lives, with a maximum of ten years.

Acquired computer software licenses are capitalized on the basis of the costs incurred to acquire and bring to use the specific software. They are amortized on a straight-line basis to the income statement over their estimated useful lives (three to five years).

Costs directly associated with the production of identifiable and unique software and other intangible products controlled by the Group, that will probably generate economic benefits beyond one year, are recognized as intangible assets and depreciated over their useful life of three years. Direct costs include software development costs, personnel costs and advisory costs directly related to the software or product development and an appropriate portion of the relevant overheads. Costs associated with developing and maintaining common software programs are recognized as an expense when incurred.

Intangibles acquired in a business combination with the exception of mining rights are amortized using a straight-line method over their remaining useful lives as follows:

  • Technology: 3 to 15 years
  • Customer relationships: 6 to 20 years
  • Tradenames: 10 years
  • Order backlog: 2 years

Mining rights are depreciated over their useful lives using the units of production method.

On 1 June 2007, a European Union regulation on chemicals and their safe use came into effect. It deals with the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemical Substances (REACH). REACH applies to all substances manufactured, placed on the market and used in the European Union, either on their own, in mixtures or in products. REACH requires the registration of certain substances, with annual volumes exceeding a consumption of 1 000 metric tons, by 2010 and various other substances depending on their category by 2018.

As a company active in the chemical industry, Clariant has incurred costs in connection with REACH. Due to their nature, these costs are considered within the context of IAS 38, Intangible Assets, and those qualifying for capitalization are reported as intangible assets. As the initial two phases of the registration were completed in 2010 and 2013 respectively, the corresponding costs capitalized as intangible assets are amortized since 2011 for the first phase and since January 2014 for the second phase on a straight-line basis to the income statement over their estimated useful lives of twelve years.

1.12 – Impairment of assets

Impairment of assets is recognized and disclosed as per the requirements of IAS 36, Impairment of Assets.

1.13 – Non-current assets and disposal groups held for sale

Non-current assets and disposal groups are classified as held for sale when their carrying amount is to be recovered through a sale transaction and a sale is considered highly probable. They are stated at the lower of the carrying amount and fair value less costs of disposal, as per the requirements of IFRS 5, Non-current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations.

1.14 – Inventories

Purchased goods are valued at acquisition costs, while self-manufac-tured products are valued at manufacturing costs including related production overhead costs. Inventory held at the balance sheet date is primarily valued at standard costs, which approximates actual costs on a weighted average basis. This valuation method is also used for valuing the costs of goods sold in the income statement. Adjustments are made for inventories with a lower net realizable value. Unsaleable inventories are fully written off. These adjustments are recorded as valuation allowances, which are deducted directly from the inventory value in the balance sheet. The allowances are reversed when the inventories concerned are either sold or destroyed and as a consequence are removed from the balance sheet.

1.15 – Trade receivables

Trade receivables are amounts due from customers for goods sold or services rendered in the ordinary course of business and are recognized in accordance with IFRS 9, Financial Instruments. They are generally due within 40 days and therefore classified as current. Trade receivables are recognized initially at the amount of considerations that is unconditional. The Group holds trade receivables with the objective to collect the contractual cash flows and therefore measures them subsequently at amortized cost. Details about the Group’s impairment policies and the calculation of the loss allowance are provided in .

1.16 – Cash and cash equivalents, short-term deposits

Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash in hand, deposits and calls with banks, as well as short-term investment instruments with an initial lifetime of 90 days or less. Bank overdrafts are reported within financial debt in current liabilities on the balance sheet.

Short-term deposits are disclosed separately in the balance sheet if they have an original maturity between 90 and 365 days. They are valued at their nominal value, which is close to their fair market value.

1.17 – Derivative financial instruments and hedging

Derivative financial instruments and hedges are recognized in accordance with IFRS 9, Financial Instruments. Qualifying hedge instruments are derivatives and non-derivative financial assets and liabilities that are fully measured at fair value through profit and loss. Hedged items are assets or liabilities, unrecognized firm commitments, forecast transactions or net investments in foreign entities. They are reliably measurable and if not recognized they are highly probable. The hedges are accounted for either as fair value hedges in the case of exposures in fair value of recognized assets and liabilities or unrecognized firm commitments, as cash flow hedges in the case of exposures in cash flows arising from recognized assets or liabilities or forecast transactions that could affect profit or loss, or as hedges of a net investment in a foreign entity.

1.18 – Leasing

The Group classifies leases into finance and operating leases and recognizes them based on the requirements of IAS 17, Leases.

1.19 – Current income tax

The taxable profits (losses) of Group companies are calculated in accordance with the rules established by the taxation authorities of the countries in which they operate. They are the basis for the determination of income tax payments (reimbursements) for the reporting period in accordance with the prevailing local income tax rates. Current income tax is accounted for in accordance with the requirements of IAS 12, Income Taxes.

1.20 – Deferred income tax

Deferred income tax is calculated using the comprehensive liability method as per the requirements of IAS 12, Income Taxes.

No deferred income tax is calculated for the temporary differences on investments in Group companies, provided that the investor (parent company) is able to control the timing of the reversal of the temporary differences and it is probable that the temporary differences will not reverse in the foreseeable future.

Deferred income tax assets are recognized on tax losses incurred, if based on the business plans of the respective subsidiaries it is deemed probable that the tax losses are recoverable in the foreseeable future. The recoverability of these tax losses is assessed by Management on a regular basis.

1.21 – Employee benefits

Group companies operate various post-employment schemes, in-cluding both defined benefit and defined contribution pension plans, post-employment health care plans and other benefits. Obligations for employee benefits are determined and recorded in line with the requirements of IAS 19, Employee Benefits.

Defined contribution plans: Contributions to defined contribution plans are recorded in the income statement in the period to which they relate.

Defined benefit plans: For defined benefit plans, the amount to be recognized in the provision is determined using the Projected Unit Credit method. Independent actuaries perform the actuarial valuations for the defined benefit plans on a regular basis. For the larger plans these valuations take place annually. For the smaller ones valuations are performed at least every three years, with systematic roll-forwards in the years in between.

The retirement benefit obligations recognized in the balance sheet represent the present value of the obligations at the end of the reporting period less the fair value of the plan assets.

The prepaid pension assets recognized in the balance sheet are capitalized only to the extent of their recoverability, that is when a cash refund or a reduction in the future payments is available. The return on plan assets, except for amounts reflected in net interest income, are reported under other comprehensive income.

Actuarial gains and losses are charged or credited to equity in other comprehensive income in the period in which they arise. Past service costs are recognized immediately in the income statement.

Some Group companies provide post-employment health care benefits to their retirees. The entitlement to these benefits is usually conditional on the employee remaining in service up to retirement age and the completion of a minimum service period. The expected costs of these benefits are accrued over the period of employment using an accounting method similar to that for the defined benefit pension plans. Actuarial gains and losses arising from experience adjustments and changes in actuarial assumptions are charged or credited to equity in other comprehensive income in the period in which they arise.

The charges for defined benefit plans, defined contribution plans and termination benefits are included in personnel expenses and reported in the income statement under the corresponding functions of the related employees or in restructuring expenses.

Other long-term employee benefits are employee benefits (other than post-employment benefits and termination benefits) which do not fall wholly due within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service. These include long-term compensated absences such as long-service or sabbatical leave and jubilee or other long-service benefits. The accounting policy for other long-term employee benefits is equal to that for post-employment benefits, with the exception that actuarial gains and losses are recognized immediately in the income statement.

Short-term employee benefits are employee benefits (other than termination benefits) which fall due wholly within twelve months after the end of the period in which the employees render the related service.

1.22 – Provisions

Provisions are recognized as per the requirements of IAS 37, Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets.

1.23 – Research and development

Development expenses are capitalized to the extent that the recognition criteria set up by IAS 38, Intangible Assets, are met.

Considering the uncertainties inherent to the development of new key products, Clariant does not capitalize the associated development costs. Experience has proven that the structure of research and development in the industries that Clariant engages in makes it difficult to demonstrate how single intangible assets (patents) will generate probable future economic benefits.

Laboratory buildings and equipment included in property, plant and equipment are depreciated over their estimated useful lives in accordance with the Group guidelines of .

1.24 – Segment reporting

Segment information is presented in the same manner as in the internal reporting to the chief operating decision maker. The chief operating decision maker, responsible for strategic decisions, for the assessment of the segments’ performance and for the allocation of resources to the segments, is the .

Clariant has seven Business Units (BU) for external reporting purposes, grouped into four Business Areas (BA) (reportable segments), in accordance with IFRS 8, Operating Segments:

  • Care Chemicals (BU ICS)
  • Catalysis (BU Catalysts)
  • Natural Resources (BU Oil & Mining Services, BU Functional Minerals)
  • Plastics & Coatings (BU Additives, BU , BU Pigments)

The seven Business Units were grouped into Business Areas in a manner that they reflect, in Management’s opinion, the similar economic characteristics of certain BU’s and common traits regarding products, markets, technologies and cyclicality.

These four have full responsibility for their operating results.

The Business Area Care Chemicals comprises the BU Industrial & Consumer Specialties (ICS), food additives as well as the future Industrial Biotechnology business. It demonstrates a clear focus on highly attractive, high-margin, and low-cyclicality segments. The BA follows a lifestyle-driven megatrend and strengthens Clariant’s image of being a supplier of green and sustainable products.

The Business Area Catalysis develops, manufactures, and sells a wide range of catalyst products for the chemical, fuel and automotive industries. This BA is the smallest within Clariant but is highly profitable with a cyclicality in line with the investment cycle of the petrochemical industry.

The Business Area Natural Resources comprising BUs Oil & Mining Services and Functional Minerals, is characterized by high growth and low cyclicality as well as a strong megatrend orientation. Main drivers are the rising demand for high-value added specialty chemicals used in the oil, mining, food and packaging industries, and increased consumption of oil, gas and base metals, driven by the fast-growing economies.

The Business Area Plastics & Coatings comprises the BUs Additives, Pigments and Masterbatches. The Business Area has a large exposure to Europe and, as such, is subject to lower growth and to economic cycles. Main drivers are the increasing use of plastics with tailor-made properties in applications such as mobile phones, cars, construction, as well as the rising consumption of plastics in line with increasing wealth.

Corporate: Income and expenses relating to Corporate include the costs of the Corporate headquarters and some of corporate coordination functions in major countries. In addition, Corporate includes certain items of income and expenses, which are not directly attributable to specific Business Areas, like central R&D costs.

The Group’s Business Areas are segments offering different products. The segments are managed separately because they manufacture, distribute and sell distinct products, which require differing technologies and marketing strategies. These products are also subject to risks and returns that are different from those of other segments.

Segment sales are sales reported in the Group’s income statement directly attributable to a segment and the relevant portion of the company income that can be allocated on a reasonable basis to a segment, whether from sales to external customers or from transactions with other segments.

Segment operating expenses are expenses resulting from the operating activities of a segment directly attributable to the segment and the relevant portion of an expense that can be allocated on a reasonable basis, including expenses relating to sales to external customers and expenses relating to transactions with other segments. Inter-segment transactions are entered into under the normal circumstances and terms and conditions that would also be available to unrelated third parties.

The segment net assets consist of segment assets, primarily property, plant and equipment, intangible assets, inventories and receivables, less segment liabilities. Usually no allocation of Corporate items is made to the segments. Corporate assets and liabilities principally consist of net liquidity (cash, cash equivalents and other current financial assets less financial debts) and deferred and current income taxes.

The Executive Committee assesses the performance of the operating segments based on income statement parameters like third-party sales, , operating result and cashflow. Interest income, interest expense and taxes are not allocated to the segments. The return on the capital invested in each segment is measured by the Return on Invested Capital (ROIC).

1.25 – Share capital and other reserves

All issued shares are ordinary shares and as such are classified as equity. Incremental costs, directly attributable to the issue of new shares or options, are shown in equity as a deduction, net of tax, from the proceeds.

Written put options, where Clariant Ltd shares are the underlying, are reported as obligations to purchase Clariant Ltd shares if the number of shares is fixed and physical settlement for a fixed amount of cash is required, in case the option is exercised.

At inception, the obligation is recorded at the present value of the settlement amount of the option and the corresponding effect is recognized in shareholders’ equity.

The liability is measured subsequently at amortized costs using the effective interest method. Upon settlement of such written put options, the liability is extinguished and the charge to equity is reclassified to the treasury shares.

Clariant Ltd shares, subject to such put options, are not considered to be outstanding for the purpose of basic earnings per share calculations, but are considered for the dilutive earnings per share calculations to the extent that they are dilutive.

Other reserves comprise the following items:

  • Share premium: The share premium comprises the excess price paid over the par value of the share at the time of issuance of the share capital.
  • Cumulative translation reserves: The translation reserves comprise the foreign exchange differences arising on the translation of the financial statements of the foreign subsidiaries stated in a currency other than the Group’s functional currency. In addition, the cumulative translation reserves comprise the foreign exchange differences arising on the translation of financial liabilities denominated in a currency other than the functional currency of the parent company Clariant Ltd, which are at the same time designated as a hedge of a net investment in a foreign entity.

1.26 – Treasury shares

Treasury shares are deducted from equity at their par value of CHF 3.70 per share. Differences between this amount and the amount paid for acquiring, or received for disposing of treasury shares are recorded in retained earnings.

1.27 – Financial debt

Financial debt is recognized based on the requirements of IFRS 9, Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement.

All financial liabilities are valued at amortized cost.

1.28 – Financial assets

Financial assets are classified, recognized, measured and if necessary, impaired based on the requirements of IFRS 9, Financial Instruments.

Financial assets are valued at amortized cost if there is the intention to hold them in order to collect the contractual cash flow and this cash flow is only for the principal and interest.

Financial assets are valued at fair value through Other comprehensive income when they are held with the intention of getting the contractual cash flow, but also with the intention of eventually selling the asset.

Equity investments are measured at fair value through Other comprehensive income based on the Group’s irrevocable election at initial recognition.

There are currently no financial assets at fair value though profit and loss.

Loss allowances are recognized for expected credit losses. If at the reporting date the credit risk on a financial instrument has not significantly increased since the initial recognition the loss allowance is measured at an amount equal to the 12-month expected credit loss. If at the reporting date the credit risk on a financial asset has increased significantly since initial recognition the loss allowance is measured at an amount equal to the lifetime-expected credit loss. If in the previous period the loss allowance was measured at the lifetime-expected credit loss but at the reporting date it is determined that the credit risk is no longer significantly higher than at initial recognition then at the reporting date the loss allowance is again measured at an amount equal to the 12-month expected credit loss. Changes in the measurement of the loss allowance are recognized in profit and loss.

Purchases and sales of financial assets are recognized on settlement date, which is the date on which the Group receives or delivers the assets.

1.29 – Business combinations

The Group applies the acquisition method to account for business combinations in accordance with IFRS 3, Business Combinations, and recognizes any non-controlling interests in the acquiree at fair value (full goodwill method).

Acquisition-related costs are expensed as incurred.


The International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are international accounting standards. View entire glossary


The International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) are international accounting standards. View entire glossary

Executive Committee

Management body of joint stock companies; at Clariant the Executive Committee currently comprises four members. View entire glossary


These are plastic additives in the form of granules with dyestuffs or other additives used to dye or alter the properties of natural plastic. View entire glossary

Business Area

In 2013 Clariant adjusted its reporting segments and grouped its businesses with similar end-user markets and growth drivers into four distinct Business Areas: Care Chemicals, Catalysis, Natural Resources, and Plastics & Coatings. View entire glossary


Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization. View entire glossary